Today's most restful and restful time is probably when we sleep. But for people suffering from obstructive sleep apnea, it is not so. Their apnea events that occur when there are breathing breaks can wake them hundreds of times a night, and as a result of what will be a continuous good night's sleep, are disturbed. The disturbance occurs for several reasons, but not all people are aware of them, which makes it difficult for patients to get the right medical help to treat the problem. Treatment is necessary, but it begins by understanding the risk factors and causes of obstructive sleep apnea.
Airway problems. Obstructive sleep apnea is the result of an obstruction in the respiratory tract caused by some respiratory tract problems. These may include upper and lower jaws, tonsils, soft gums, tongue and throat muscles.
In some cases, congested throat and tongue can cause the problem. This because when a person who normally sleeps his muscles will relax, but if suffering from the condition, the muscles and tongue relaxes more than normal, resulting in a decrease of the airways, causing apnotic events.
Enlarged or collapsed gums and tonsils can also cause the problem. Structural abnormalities. If a person suffers from anatomical abnormalities, there is a greater possibility that they experience obstructive sleep apnea. For example, the size of the respiratory tract may be affected by the shape of the head and neck. A thicker throat can mean a narrower airway and a large tongue and enlarged tonsils can also have a damaging effect on the passage of the air. There are also structural abnormalities in the jaw, nose and mouth that occur in people with craniofacial syndrome, which makes them more prone to suffering from the disease. About 50% of those with Down's syndrome, for example, experience obstructive sleep apnea largely due to reduced muscle tones, a relatively large tongue and narrower nasopharynx.
Obesity. It has been shown in studies that obesity plays an important role in the development of obstructive sleep apnea because fat cells tend to accumulate and clog the throat tissues, causing the airways to narrow. It has been found that obese people suffering from sleep apnea tend to get more pressure on their airways, resulting in additional obstruction.
To be male. Unfortunately for the male population, the disorder is more likely to occur among men, although women may be predisposed after menopause. Statistically it has been found that one in fifty middle-aged women, compared to one of 25 middle-aged men, suffers from the problem.
Old age. Although children and adolescents may have the disease, they are over 65 years between two or three times more likely to develop it.
Use of alcohol, sedatives and cigarettes. Alcohol and sedatives relax the muscles and hence the narrow respiratory tract. Because smoking tends to cause inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and again narrows the airways, smokers are three times more likely to suffer from the disease.
Family history. Sleep apnea tends to run in the family. Therefore, with family members suffering from the condition, they should be more careful to avoid the risks.
Snoring. Although snoring can indicate the occurrence of obstructive sleep apnea, chronic snoring is sometimes said to cause apnotic events. Due to the frequent vibration caused by snoring, the soft gum can extend and cause an increased risk of collapse. However, a sniper person should not automatically be considered a candidate for the disease, as snoring should not be considered as a single factor, although it should be considered in addition to other risk factors.